China Daily | Impact of Innovations by China Continues to Spread

release time:2021-04-07

By Edward Tse


On March 16 2021, Dr. Tse's latest op-ed on China Daily on the latest on China and how MNCs are reflecting upon what China’s innovations mean to them and how they change the fundamental mindset of how global MNCs view the world. To this end, the global businesses are much ahead of politicians and their lobbyists.

During the two sessions in Beijing, the annual gathering of China's top legislative and political advisory bodies, which concluded on Thursday, the government announced that its GDP growth target for this year is "above 6 percent".

In January, the International Monetary Fund had predicted that China's GDP would grow at 8.1 percent this year, accounting for more than 25 percent of global GDP growth.

Prompted by the United States government's sanctions on core technologies such as high-end semiconductor chips, Beijing has committed to building up core technologies within China.

Last year, 227.6 billion yuan ($35.02 billion) was pumped into China's semiconductor industry, a stunning 407 percent increase from the previous year. Central and local governments have launched hundreds of policies or guidance funds to support the industry's growth, while venture capital investment into the sector more than tripled from 2019.

The auto industry is another example of an industry undergoing major innovations as new energy vehicles, artificial intelligence, connectivity and mobility as a service are all taking place at the same time. Various trials of autonomous driving are also taking place in cities in China.

In the consumer sector, the internet continues to drive different forms of innovation. Social commerce, for instance, has become an important channel for companies to meet rising consumer demand and adopt new business models enabled by innovative technology, such as 5G and AI, to offer more customized and interactive services.

China has announced a comprehensive plan to upgrade its manufacturing capabilities by 2025 via eight priority areas in order to sharpen its global competitiveness. The emphasis on advanced manufacturing remains an integral part of China's 14th Five-Year Plan (2021-25) and is aimed at fixing its weaknesses in areas such as key components, materials, software and fundamental systems over the next five years, while developing a more innovative, higher value-added industrial value chain to enhance its competitiveness in priority areas.

In September, President Xi Jinping announced that China will commit to achieving carbon neutrality by 2060. This is a massive commitment, given China's scale and historical reliance on fossil fuels. As Xi has called on all other countries to support global sustainability, China is also demonstrating that it is stepping up in addressing an issue that has long been a major challenge for the world.

While China eradicated domestic absolute poverty earlier this year, a herculean effort in its own right, it announced the establishment of the Rural Revitalization Bureau to consolidate and expand the nation's achievements in poverty alleviation via leveraging a dynamic monitoring and assistance mechanism to prevent people from falling back into poverty. In addition, it will continue to improve infrastructure in resettlement areas and improve people's capability to provide for themselves.

These major steps, plus many others, indicate that China will continue its reform and transition, which will in turn generate considerable economic growth.

Certainly, when most of the rest of the world is still suffering from the COVID-19 pandemic, China is shining as one of the few bright spots for many foreign multinational corporations.

Even though Chinese innovators have begun to show up in significant numbers since the wireless internet became prevalent in China in the late 2000s, most multinationals were still unconvinced until Chinese innovation became a household phenomenon.

Fortunately, most multinationals today have come to realize the overwhelming impact of Chinese innovation, and many of them have begun to internalize how and what they can learn from the Chinese in this regard.

The head for China of a large US industrial company once told me that he thought he came to China to teach, but after some time in China, he recognized he was in China to learn. Another large US client told me their board of directors instructed the China team to seek how to leverage Chinese knowledge to help businesses in other parts of the world. BMW, for example, has taken its Munich-based Startup Garage program to China in order to gain exposure to new innovative technologies, such as electrification and automation, from a more advanced local ecosystem.

Big multinational businesses are now realizing that running businesses in different parts of the world requires different patterns, in particular realizing the differences between China and the West. It's not a matter of what is right and what is wrong, but simply that different markets have very different contexts.

The insistence on a single path to the final goal is not very helpful. Pluralism naturally exists. To this end, the significant changes in multinational corporations due to their experiences in China provide the world with a good reference for how to view the world today.

About the Author

Dr. Edward Tse is founder and CEO, Gao Feng Advisory Company, a founding Governor of Hong Kong Institution for International Finance, Adjunct Professor of School of Business Administration at Chinese University of Hong Kong and Professor of Managerial Practice at Cheung Kong Graduate School of Business. One of the pioneers in China’s management consulting industry, he built and ran the Greater China operations of two leading international management consulting firms (BCG and Booz) for a period of 20 years. He has consulted to hundreds of companies, investors, start-ups, and public-sector organizations (both headquartered in and outside of China) on all critical aspects of business in China and China for the world. He also consulted to a number of Chinese local governments on strategies, state-owned enterprise reform and Chinese companies going overseas, as well as to the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank. He is the author of several hundred articles and five books including both award-winning The China Strategy (2010) and China’s Disruptors (2015), as well as 《竞争新边界》 (The New Frontier of Competition), which was co-authored with Yu Huang (2020). He holds a SM and s SB in Civil Engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, as well as a PhD and an MBA from University of California, Berkeley.

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